Windows 10 Fixes
by Tore Andersen
For enthusiast gamers, Windows 10 was a big downgrade from Windows 7. Microsoft
thought it was more important to implement useless mobile features and more junk
services, instead of making a fast and stable platform. The best fix there is
for Windows 10, is to uninstall and get Windows 7 instead, but if you are stuck
with Windows 10, then these fixes will come in handy.
1: General Tips
2A: Stop useless Services
2B: Stop the RuntimeBroker
3: Disabling Cortana for good
4: Fixing the Creators "update". Fix game crash on startup.
5: Steam Client video fix
1 - General Tips
These are he most important general optimizations/changes that will make Windows 10 less annoying to deal with.
1: Stop sending personal data to Microsoft
Windows 10 has this "feature" that constantly sends user-data to Microsoft about everything you do, unless disabled.
Open settings and go to Privacy. Select Feedback & diagnostics and turn it off.
2: Prevent apps from running in the background
While this may or may not be useful on a mobile phone, it's definitely not useful on a gaming computer
Open settings and go to Privacy. Select Background apps turn them off.
3: Take ownership (DOWNLOAD)
If you would like to manage your files yourself without having to setup permissions every single time, this file will add "Take Ownership" to the right click menu. It will give you ownership of everything within a folder with just one click.
Download the file and unpack anywhere. Double click the file and click OK. That's it.
4: Disable Windows Defender and Windows Firewall
Both these features are practically useless. They just take up resources, and do a really bad job at what they do.
1: Control Panel. Windows Firewall. Turn Windows Firewall on or off.
2: Control Panel. Windows Defender. Turn everything off.
Note: Just don't turn the Windows Firewall Service off, or the Windows Store won't work. Yes, completely illogic, but since when did Microsoft's use of "services" make sense?
5: Disable Maps
Maps are great for mobile phones or tablets, but for a stationary gaming PC, it's just a waste of resources.
Open Settings and go to System. Select Offline Maps and turn everything off.
6: Disable Automatic updates (LINK)
Windows has a bad habit of launching forced Windows updates at any random time, without a possibility to pause or postpone. Very very annoying and unprofessional. You could be in the middle of a game, in the middle of a software installation or in an online meeting. I recommend disabling Windows auto update, and just check for updates manually instead.
7: Disable Automatic app updates
Same reason as above stated. Auto updates of apps are extremely annoying for gamers that play online.
Open the Windows Store. Click the user icon and select Settings. Turn App updates off.
2A - Services
Improve performance and free up resources by disabling the most useless services from running in the background
Windows 10 has more services running than any previous
version of Windows. A lot of them are completely useless for most people, so
there is absolutely no reason for them to be running all the time. This is
just a short list of the most useless services that I highly recommend to
If you want an in-depth list of all services, with descriptions of what they do, I can recommend to check out Black Viper's list (LINK)
1: How to disable a Service
To disable a Service, open op Computer Management. Right click the Computer icon and select Manage.
Right click the service you want to disable. E.g. "Adobe Acrobat Update Service". A ridiculous service that runs all the time, taking up resources, just in case there is a new update for Adobe Acrobat.
Stop the service by clicking Stop under Service Status. Now select "Disabled" from the Status type menu.
This will disable the service from being launched in the future. The function will still work, so you can still update Adobe Acrobat. The service will just not be running constantly in the background.
If you set the Startup type to "Manual" instead of "Disabled", that just means that Windows won't launce the service at startup, but other applications are still allowed to start the service. In this case I recommend "Disabled", as this service is 100% without purpose.
2: List of services I recommend to disable
Adobe Acrobat Update Service (Disable)
Adobe SwitchBoard (Disable)
*Unless you use multiple Adobe products. If you just use Photoshop, then you can safely disable this service.
Background Intelligent Transfer Service (Manual)
*Essential service, so don't disable. But it works just fine by being called upon when needed, instead of running all the time.
Diagnostic Policy Service (Manual)
Diagnostic Service Host (Manual)
Diagnostic System Host (Manual)
Distributed Link Tracking Client (Disable)
Downloaded Maps Manager
*Unless you actually use your computer and Microsoft Maps for navigation.
Geolocation Service (Disable)
*Unless you actually use your computer and Microsoft Maps for navigation.
Google Update Service (gupdate) (Manual)
Google Update Service (gupdatem) (Manual)
Infrared monitor service (Disable)
*Unless you actually use infrared. I just have heard of anyone that does.
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) (Disable)
Microsoft (R) Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector Service (Manual)
Microsoft Office Diagnostics Service (Manual)
Microsoft Software Shadow Copy Provider (Manual)
Office Source Engine (Manual)
Phone Service (Disable)
*Unless your computer has a built-in sim-card and can use a regular phone line. It's a needed service for a mobile device, but it has absolutely no place in a gaming computer.
Problem Reports and Solutions Control Panel Support (Manual)
Program Compatibility Assistant Service (Disable)
*If you like this feature, leave it. Personally I have never seen it successfully fix any compatibility errors, not one single one.
Remote Desktop Configuration (Disable)
*Leave if you use Remote Desktop
Remote Desktop Services (Disable)
Remote Desktop Services UserMode Port Redirector (Disable)
Remote Registry (Disable)
Retail Demo Service (Disable)
Secondary Logon (Manual)
Security Center (Disable)
*Leave if you actually like the Windows Security Center.
Smart Card (Disable)
*Leave if you use SmartCards
Smart Card Device Enumeration Service (Disable)
Smart Card Removal Policy (Disable)
Volume Shadow Copy (Manual)
Windows Backup (Manual)
Windows Camera Frame Server (Manual)
Windows Error Reporting Service (Disable)
Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service (Manual)
Windows Push Notifications System Service (Manual)
Windows Push Notifications User Service (Manual)
Windows Search (Disable)
*This will not disable "Search". This is actually the dreaded Indexing Service, just using a different name. This is probably the most important service to disable. If not disabled, it will start indexing ALL files at random. Depending on your storage, this "service" can render your computer unusable for hours, while you get absolutely no gain from it.
2B - RuntimeBroker "Service"
The dreaded RuntimeBroker has caused many Windows 10 users a
headache. The service doesn't have any important functionality, but it has a
habit of randomly taking up a lot of resources. You can't disable this service
the usual way, as Windows protects it. You can open the task manager and "EndTask"
every time it runs, but it will just start itself minutes later again.
Step 1: Disable the service this way. (LINK)
However, this "service" can still start, even when disabled! If it doesn't, then just skip the next step. If it does, then you have to delete the files as well.
Step 2: Deleting the files.
The RuntimeBroker files are locked, so you can't just delete them, even after taking ownership, as shown in the general tips. You can however download a free program, that can remove the files during reboot.
Download EMCO MoveOnBoot 3. (LINK)
Install the program and run it.
Make a search on your System drive for "timebroker". Right-click the results one by one and go to Security. Here you will find the file path.
Copy the file paths and paste them into MoveOnBoot.
Click the "Move on Boot" button, then paste the file path into "Source", then make a temporary folder anywhere, and put it as "Destination".
Click "Ok", and repeat for the next file, till you have added all "timebroker" files.
Make a new search for "Runtimebroker", and add all files to MoveOnBoot.
When done, click the "Restart Windows" button.
After restarting, RuntimeBroker will not be bothering anyone ever again.
3 - Cortana
While Cortana was a cool AI in Halo, she is terrible in
Windows. Ask yourself, has she ever been useful? ..Even once?
She takes cpu and memory resources all the time, and sends data back and forth to who knows who, even when disabled.
This little script will remove her completely from your system. *Note that you can't bring her back again after running this.
Uninstall Cortana (DOWNLOAD)
Download and unpack the file anywhere. Right click "Uninstall Cortana.cmd" and select "Run as administrator"
Wait till the script is done, then close it and restart Windows.
That's it, Cortana is gone for good, and she will no longer be tracking and reporting your every move to Microsoft.
4 - The Creators "update"
As a new "feature" in the Creators update, Windows's system
d3d files now take priority over d3d files in game folders. This causes all
kinds of errors with games. Crashes, messed up graphics, extreme slowdowns, and
some games won't even launch at all. Graphical renders like ENB or ReShade have
very little chance of working, and even less chance of working correctly. It's a
mess to say the least, and the new "Game mode" feature doesn't help. Unless
disabled, this "feature" causes even more problems. Fortunately this can be
almost completely fixed in two simple steps. It won't fix the games
that won't launch, but it will get rid of all crashes, the messed up graphics
and the slowdowns. It will also make the use of renders like ENB & ReShade work
1: Disable Game Mode
Game Mode is just another useless OSD with some recording features. It has no purpose, and it causes problems in several games.
Open settings and go to Gaming. Disable Game bar, Game DVR & Game Mode.
2: Install DirectX9 (LINK)
*This doesn't interfere with DirectX12
3: Install the latest Visual C++ Redistributable (LINK)
4: Install the latest Microsoft .NET Framework (LINK)
5: Install the latest RivaTuner (LINK)
Download version 7.0.2 or newer. If the link above doesn't work, download the file here instead (DOWNLOAD)
RTSS Rivatuner Statistics Server is a small tool that enables the use of custom d3d files, thereby preventing Windows's files to mess up the games. It needs to run in the background while playing, but it only takes up about 8mb and 0% CPU, so you won't know the difference.
Download the file and unpack to a temporary folder. Then click the setup file and install the program.
After installation launch the tool. It will show as a bluish icon in the notification area of the taskbar. Right click it and select "Show" for settings.
Turn off "Show On-Screen Display" and set Application detection to "High". Set both "Stealth mode" and "Custom Direct3D support" On. Then turn "On-Screen Display support" Off. See image:
Use these setting (Note: Set "Frame limit" to match your monitor, or set to "0" for no limit):
Launch this small tool every time you want to play a game, or simply enable "Start with Windows".
5 - Steam Client
Full-screen doesn't work:
If you only see a black screen when playing full-screen video, you might be able to fix it by turning AA off in your graphics drivers. Open up the graphic driver settings and select Steam as specific program. Then set AA as "Application-controlled". It sounds unlikely, but Steam video will actually not play in full-screen, if the graphics drivers are set to force AA.
Slow video streaming:
If you have problems with video not streaming fast enough or it getting completely stuck, open up these ports in your router:
Range 1: 27015 - 27040
Range 2: 3478 - 4380
If this doesn't help, switch to another server. *The one closest to your physical location is not necessarily the fastest.
Screenshots are not saved:
First check it the Steam Overlay is turned on while in-game.
If Yes, and the screenshot feature still doesn't work, then launch Steam with administrator rights.
Right-click the Steam client shortcut and go to Compatibility, then check "Run this program as an administrator".
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